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Africa

46 COUNTRIES IN AFRICA

World Economics has combined 46 principal countries to represent the Africa region. Overall these countries accounted for 6% of Global GDP and 7% of global GDP growth in the past 10 years (2011-2021).

Africa is home to over 1.3 billion people with an average life expectancy of 64 years and a current median age of 21 against a global average of 31.



Economics




African
Countries
Revised GDP PPP
Int$, Billions
CAGR
10 Year
Rate
%, 2011-2021
Share of
Global
GDP
%
Share of Global GDP Growth
%, 2011-2021
Revised GDP Per Capita
Int$
Government Debt to Revised GDP
%







Algeria 574.8 2.0% 0.3% 0.2% 12,883 53.2%
Angola 374.4 0.8% 0.2% 0.1% 11,034 46.6%
Benin 63.9 5.3% 0.0% 0.1% 5,133 34.0%
Botswana 63.1 2.7% 0.0% 0.0% 26,324 13.1%
Burkina Faso 89.6 5.3% 0.1% 0.1% 4,170 27.2%
Burundi 15.6 1.5% 0.0% 0.0% 1,270 39.3%
Cameroon 169.6 4.4% 0.1% 0.1% 6,230 28.0%
Central African Republic 8.3 -1.8% 0.0% 0.0% 1,693 26.1%
Chad 42.7 1.8% 0.0% 0.0% 2,524 33.6%
Comoros 3.6 2.5% 0.0% 0.0% 4,085 18.5%
Congo, Dem. Rep 191.4 5.5% 0.1% 0.2% 2,072 6.8%
Congo, Rep. 40.6 1.9% 0.0% 0.0% 7,175 40.0%
Cote d'Ivoire 225.3 7.3% 0.1% 0.3% 8,329 33.2%
Egypt 1,855.3 3.8% 1.1% 1.3% 17,795 63.7%
Eswatini 16.6 2.1% 0.0% 0.0% 14,147 25.9%
Ethiopia 414.9 8.6% 0.3% 0.5% 3,520 35.8%
Gabon 64.2 2.5% 0.0% 0.0% 28,174 34.8%
Gambia 9.0 3.6% 0.0% 0.0% 3,618 50.8%
Ghana 273.1 5.3% 0.2% 0.3% 8,606 52.8%
Guinea 60.4 6.1% 0.0% 0.1% 4,473 23.8%
Guinea-Bissau 6.6 2.8% 0.0% 0.0% 3,254 46.4%
Kenya 404.0 5.4% 0.2% 0.4% 7,347 42.2%
Lesotho 7.7 0.6% 0.0% 0.0% 3,580 35.9%
Liberia 14.2 1.7% 0.0% 0.0% 2,734 27.4%
Libya 349.7 14.0% 0.2% 0.6% 50,258 86.9%
Madagascar 71.3 2.3% 0.0% 0.0% 2,508 31.4%
Malawi 46.3 7.2% 0.0% 0.1% 2,357 40.5%
Mali 86.4 3.7% 0.1% 0.1% 4,142 28.0%
Mauritania 42.1 3.5% 0.0% 0.0% 8,816 31.8%
Mauritius 30.8 1.6% 0.0% 0.0% 24,193 83.7%
Morocco 369.9 2.6% 0.2% 0.2% 9,904 57.9%
Mozambique 59.3 4.2% 0.0% 0.0% 1,845 67.7%
Namibia 34.1 1.3% 0.0% 0.0% 13,194 46.5%
Niger 51.7 5.6% 0.0% 0.1% 2,057 30.7%
Nigeria 1,934.0 2.5% 1.2% 1.0% 9,148 20.1%
Rwanda 44.4 6.3% 0.0% 0.0% 3,341 46.3%
Senegal 91.1 5.3% 0.1% 0.1% 5,297 49.0%
Sierra Leone 23.4 3.4% 0.0% 0.0% 2,869 44.0%
South Africa 1,128.4 1.8% 0.6% 0.4% 18,794 48.3%
Sudan 338.3 1.6% 0.2% 0.1% 7,534 94.3%
Tanzania 288.9 5.6% 0.2% 0.3% 4,698 22.6%
Togo 33.0 8.2% 0.0% 0.0% 3,892 35.5%
Tunisia 163.1 1.7% 0.1% 0.1% 13,662 62.9%
Uganda 168.1 4.7% 0.1% 0.1% 3,567 32.1%
Zambia 103.8 3.4% 0.1% 0.1% 5,485 74.6%
Zimbabwe 98.4 2.5% 0.1% 0.1% 6,522 36.4%

Africa
Totals / Averages:
10,545.3 N/A 5.9% 7.1% 8,571* 41.5%*


World Economics revised GDP data removes serious errors in GDP measurement.
Revised GDP data can be used to analyse and compare country investment potential, but other hidden faults may still be present in source GDP data. Learn more...


Notes:
  • GDP data includes estimates for the Informal Economy, and updated Base Years, to improve the often imperfect quality of Africa data.
  • Debt-to-GDP ratio is total gross government debt as a proportion of revised GDP.
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.
  • Offical GDP data quality is often poor in Emerging Market countries. See data quality for individual countries.







Demography




Emerging Market
Countries
Population
Data Quality
Grade
Total
Population
Millions
Life Expectancy
Years
Median
Age
Years
Statistical Capacity
0-100 Index
Age Dependency
Total






Algeria B 44.6 77 28.5 50.0 39.9
Angola D 33.9 61 16.7 45.6 5.5
Benin C 12.5 62 18.8 62.2 17.4
Botswana D 2.4 70 24.0 50.0 38.9
Burkina Faso C 21.5 62 17.6 67.8 12.1
Burundi D 12.3 62 17.3 57.8 9.0
Cameroon D 27.2 59 18.7 46.7 18.9
Central African Republic D 4.9 53 17.6 36.7 13.6
Chad D 16.9 54 16.6 54.4 4.0
Comoros C 0.9 64 20.4 46.7 27.2
Congo, Dem. Rep D 92.4 61 17.0 40.0 4.6
Congo, Rep. D 5.7 65 19.2 38.9 21.3
Cote d'Ivoire C 27.1 58 18.9 71.1 20.2
Egypt A 104.3 72 24.6 82.2 35.4
Eswatini B 1.2 60 20.7 71.1 29.2
Ethiopia D 117.9 67 19.5 47.8 23.2
Gabon D 2.3 66 22.5 40.0 31.1
Gambia C 2.5 62 17.8 70.0 13.1
Ghana D 31.7 64 21.5 71.1 32.6
Guinea D 13.5 62 18.0 51.1 14.8
Guinea-Bissau D 2.0 58 18.8 48.9 18.8
Kenya C 55.0 67 20.1 57.8 30.2
Lesotho D 2.2 54 24.0 67.8 40.8
Liberia D 5.2 64 19.4 57.8 22.4
Libya D 7.0 73 28.8 25.6 52.3
Madagascar C 28.4 67 19.6 54.4 24.1
Malawi C 19.6 64 18.1 70.0 16.1
Mali B 20.9 59 16.3 60.0 2.0
Mauritania D 4.8 65 20.1 61.1 25.0
Mauritius B 1.3 75 37.5 85.6 58.5
Morocco B 37.3 77 29.5 66.7 47.6
Mozambique C 32.2 61 17.6 62.2 11.6
Namibia D 2.6 64 21.8 51.1 32.1
Niger D 25.1 62 15.2 68.9 -9.5
Nigeria D 211.4 55 18.1 53.3 14.0
Rwanda D 13.3 69 20.0 73.3 25.8
Senegal C 17.2 68 18.5 66.7 15.8
Sierra Leone C 8.1 55 19.4 60.0 23.7
South Africa C 60.0 64 27.6 81.1 47.8
Sudan D 44.9 65 19.7 54.4 23.1
Tanzania D 61.5 65 18.0 63.3 14.1
Togo C 8.5 61 19.4 67.8 22.9
Tunisia C 11.9 77 32.8 58.9 50.4
Uganda D 47.1 63 16.7 71.1 7.7
Zambia D 18.9 64 17.6 53.3 14.3
Zimbabwe D 15.1 61 18.7 58.9 18.4

Africa
Totals / Averages:
N/A 29.1 64* 20.6* 58.7* 23.1*


Notes:
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.
  • Statistical Capacity Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
    0 = Low level of resources, 100 = High level of resources.


Key:
Data Quality Grade definitions:
         A: As good as it gets;
         B: Use with caution;
         C: Unreliable for many purposes
         D: Extremely poor quality.








Environmental, Social and Governance




Emerging Market
Countries:
Carbon Emissions
Total MTCo2e
Methane Emissions
Total MTCo2e
Population in Poverty
% of Pop
Years of Schooling
Years
Rule
of Law
0-100 Index
Corruption Levels
0-100 Index






Algeria 171.7 49.6 1% 8 29.4 33
Angola 38.0 40.0 <0.1% 5 24.9 29
Benin 8.0 5.6 50% 4 30.7 42
Botswana 6.3 4.6 16% 10 59.5 55
Burkina Faso 4.3 15.6 <0.1% 2 38.3 42
Burundi 0.6 2.1 72% 3 16.1 19
Cameroon 7.6 15.2 24% 6 20.3 27
Central African Republic 0.3 31.5 66% 4 6.4 24
Chad 1.0 54.5 38% 3 16.4 20
Comoros 0.3 0.3 18% 5 19.0 20
Congo, Dem. Rep 2.3 49.0 77% 7 4.4 19
Congo, Rep. 3.5 3.8 37% 7 20.0 21
Cote d'Ivoire 12.9 6.6 28% 5 33.8 36
Egypt 246.6 56.9 3% 7 39.8 33
Eswatini 1.0 1.5 28% 7 35.5 32
Ethiopia 16.3 103.5 31% 3 38.8 39
Gabon 4.7 1.1 3% 9 32.2 31
Gambia 0.6 1.7 10% 4 39.6 37
Ghana 15.0 21.4 13% 7 47.7 43
Guinea 3.2 17.9 35% 3 17.4 25
Guinea-Bissau 0.3 1.6 67% 4 - 21
Kenya 17.3 40.3 37% 7 34.9 30
Lesotho 2.2 2.3 27% 7 37.4 38
Liberia 1.3 6.2 41% 5 23.3 29
Libya 46.4 37.8 <0.1% 8 0.0 17
Madagascar 4.0 17.8 78% 6 26.8 26
Malawi 1.5 11.2 70% 5 42.1 35
Mali 3.4 23.3 50% 2 25.8 29
Mauritania 4.1 6.8 6% 5 34.2 28
Mauritius 4.7 1.9 <0.1% 10 71.4 54
Morocco 71.9 17.7 1% 6 46.5 39
Mozambique 8.7 27.5 63% 4 23.4 26
Namibia 4.2 4.5 13% 7 56.0 49
Niger 2.1 29.9 45% 2 35.1 31
Nigeria 140.0 127.9 54% 7 28.6 24
Rwanda 1.1 2.9 56% 4 51.3 53
Senegal 9.8 10.8 38% 3 41.8 43
Sierra Leone 1.0 4.6 40% 4 30.0 34
South Africa 478.6 45.4 19% 10 45.8 44
Sudan 23.0 58.9 13% 4 22.3 20
Tanzania 11.6 65.6 49% 6 33.8 39
Togo 3.3 3.5 50% 5 32.3 30
Tunisia 31.0 6.4 0% 7 52.0 44
Uganda 5.5 33.3 42% 6 40.5 27
Zambia 6.7 27.4 58% 7 33.3 33
Zimbabwe 10.4 12.0 34% 9 17.2 23

Africa
Totals/Averages:
1,438.4 1,109.2 N/A 6* 32.4* 32*


Notes:
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.
  • Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
    Rule of Law: 0 = low rule of law, 100 = High rule of law.
    Corruption Perceptions Index: 0 = High levels of corruption, 100 = Low levels of corruption.
  • Total Carbon and Methane data expressed in MTCo2e (Million Metric Tons of CO2 equivalent)
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.



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