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Middle Income Countries

75 COUNTRIES MAKE UP THE MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES

World Economics has combined 75 countries to represent the Middle Income Countries group. The Middle Income designation is defined as all countries with a gross national income per capita between $1,036 and $12,055.

Overall these countries account for 54% of Global GDP and 72% of global GDP growth in the past 10 years (2011-2021).

The Middle Income Countries are home to over 5.5 billion people with an average life expectancy of 71 years and a current median age of 28 against a global average of 31.



Economics




Middle Income
Countries
Revised GDP PPP
Int$, Billions
CAGR
10 Year
Rate
%, 2011-2021
Share of
Global
GDP
%
Share of Global GDP Growth
%, 2011-2021
Revised GDP Per Capita
Int$
Government Debt to Revised GDP
%







Albania 53.6 2.2% 0.0% 0.0% 18,660 56.0%
Algeria 574.8 2.0% 0.3% 0.2% 12,883 53.7%
Angola 374.4 0.8% 0.2% 0.1% 11,034 46.6%
Argentina 1,370.8 -0.3% 0.8% -0.1% 30,058 58.1%
Armenia 55.0 3.5% 0.0% 0.0% 18,519 43.3%
Azerbaijan 200.2 1.4% 0.1% 0.1% 19,586 19.3%
Bangladesh 1,160.3 6.4% 0.7% 1.2% 6,977 25.8%
Belarus 253.5 0.6% 0.2% 0.0% 26,851 29.9%
Benin 63.9 5.3% 0.0% 0.1% 5,133 33.5%
Bhutan 12.1 2.6% 0.0% 0.0% 15,507 85.8%
Bolivia 171.5 3.3% 0.1% 0.1% 14,497 45.6%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 67.0 2.1% 0.0% 0.0% 20,522 26.6%
Botswana 63.1 2.7% 0.0% 0.0% 26,324 12.0%
Brazil 4,166.7 0.3% 2.5% 0.3% 19,471 69.8%
Bulgaria 206.4 2.1% 0.1% 0.1% 29,923 18.6%
Cambodia 123.4 5.6% 0.1% 0.1% 7,284 21.1%
Cameroon 169.6 4.4% 0.1% 0.1% 6,230 27.0%
China 30,290.0 6.7% 18.4% 33.4% 20,973 58.7%
Colombia 1,008.4 2.8% 0.6% 0.6% 19,670 48.5%
Comoros 3.6 2.5% 0.0% 0.0% 4,085 19.0%
Congo, Rep. 40.6 1.9% 0.0% 0.0% 7,175 48.3%
Costa Rica 138.1 3.7% 0.1% 0.1% 26,874 53.9%
Dominican Republic 277.3 4.9% 0.2% 0.2% 25,315 47.1%
Ecuador 279.2 1.3% 0.2% 0.1% 15,609 42.3%
Egypt 1,855.3 3.8% 1.1% 1.3% 17,795 60.8%
El Salvador 83.3 2.0% 0.1% 0.0% 12,776 56.5%
Eswatini 16.6 2.1% 0.0% 0.0% 14,147 27.3%
Gabon 64.2 2.5% 0.0% 0.0% 28,174 33.0%
Georgia 83.9 3.8% 0.1% 0.1% 21,079 33.9%
Ghana 273.1 5.3% 0.2% 0.3% 8,606 53.0%
Guatemala 227.0 3.4% 0.1% 0.2% 12,441 20.7%
Guyana 24.6 8.6% 0.0% 0.0% 31,114 30.7%
Honduras 92.0 3.1% 0.1% 0.1% 9,139 31.3%
India 15,518.2 5.4% 9.4% 14.7% 11,137 50.3%
Indonesia 4,519.4 4.3% 2.7% 3.6% 16,353 29.6%
Jordan 127.2 2.1% 0.1% 0.1% 12,385 73.8%
Kenya 404.0 5.4% 0.2% 0.4% 7,347 42.0%
Kyrgyzstan 47.4 3.0% 0.0% 0.0% 7,151 41.5%
Laos 81.6 5.9% 0.0% 0.1% 11,062 66.4%
Lebanon 92.2 -3.2% 0.1% -0.1% 13,623 114.6%
Lesotho 7.7 0.6% 0.0% 0.0% 3,580 35.1%
Libya 349.7 14.0% 0.2% 0.6% 50,258 86.8%
Malawi 46.3 7.2% 0.0% 0.1% 2,357 40.7%
Malaysia 1,253.3 3.8% 0.8% 0.9% 38,237 48.6%
Mauritania 42.1 3.5% 0.0% 0.0% 8,816 30.0%
Mexico 3,251.6 1.4% 2.0% 1.0% 24,962 42.7%
Moldova 51.7 3.6% 0.0% 0.0% 12,857 23.5%
Mongolia 51.3 5.0% 0.0% 0.0% 15,404 60.7%
Morocco 369.9 2.6% 0.2% 0.2% 9,904 52.3%
Myanmar 358.9 3.7% 0.2% 0.3% 6,548 37.7%
Namibia 34.1 1.3% 0.0% 0.0% 13,194 47.7%
Nepal 187.2 5.6% 0.1% 0.2% 6,307 27.8%
Nicaragua 58.8 3.1% 0.0% 0.0% 8,777 32.4%
North Macedonia 45.8 1.9% 0.0% 0.0% 21,987 39.9%
Pakistan 1,522.9 4.0% 0.9% 1.1% 6,762 52.3%
Papua New Guinea 54.2 3.9% 0.0% 0.0% 5,947 34.7%
Paraguay 139.4 3.1% 0.1% 0.1% 19,309 24.9%
Peru 639.4 3.1% 0.4% 0.4% 19,168 23.9%
Philippines 1,275.6 4.8% 0.8% 1.1% 11,487 41.1%
Russia 5,540.2 1.3% 3.4% 1.5% 37,970 12.5%
Senegal 91.1 5.3% 0.1% 0.1% 5,297 47.4%
Serbia 189.8 2.3% 0.1% 0.1% 21,817 41.3%
South Africa 1,128.4 1.8% 0.6% 0.4% 18,794 48.2%
Sri Lanka 420.0 3.6% 0.3% 0.3% 19,539 69.9%
Suriname 12.8 -1.6% 0.0% 0.0% 21,661 88.1%
Tanzania 288.9 5.6% 0.2% 0.3% 4,698 22.6%
Thailand 1,791.9 2.3% 1.1% 0.8% 25,617 39.9%
Tunisia 163.1 1.7% 0.1% 0.1% 13,662 62.7%
Turkey 3,487.3 5.1% 2.1% 3.2% 41,006 31.9%
Turkmenistan 178.2 7.9% 0.1% 0.2% 29,133 6.7%
Ukraine 770.2 -0.6% 0.5% -0.1% 17,720 33.0%
Uzbekistan 342.9 5.9% 0.2% 0.3% 10,106 28.1%
Vietnam 1,121.7 5.6% 0.7% 1.1% 11,426 29.0%
Zambia 103.8 3.4% 0.1% 0.1% 5,485 72.1%
Zimbabwe 98.4 2.5% 0.1% 0.1% 6,522 36.0%

Middle Income Countries
Totals / Averages:
90,102.3 N/A 54.3% 72.0% 16,264* 42.8%*


World Economics revised GDP data removes serious errors in GDP measurement.
Revised GDP data can be used to analyse and compare country investment potential, but other hidden faults may still be present in source GDP data. Learn more...


Notes:
  • GDP data includes estimates for the Informal Economy, and updated Base Years, to improve the often imperfect quality of Middle Income Countries data.
  • Debt-to-GDP ratio is total gross government debt as a proportion of revised GDP.
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.







Demography




Middle Income
Countries
Population
Data Quality
Grade
Total
Population
Millions
Life Expectancy
Years
Median
Age
Years
Statistical Capacity
0-100 Index
Age Dependency
Total






Albania B 2.9 79 36.4 87.8 53.1
Algeria B 44.6 77 28.5 50.0 39.9
Angola D 33.9 61 16.7 45.6 5.5
Argentina A 45.6 77 31.5 78.9 44.2
Armenia B 3.0 75 35.4 94.4 51.6
Azerbaijan A 10.2 73 32.3 80.0 56.6
Bangladesh D 166.3 73 27.6 60.0 53.0
Belarus A 9.4 75 40.3 83.3 51.1
Benin C 12.5 62 18.8 62.2 17.4
Bhutan B 0.8 72 28.1 60.0 54.9
Bolivia C 11.8 72 25.6 66.7 39.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina C 3.3 77 43.1 60.0 52.0
Botswana D 2.4 70 24.0 50.0 38.9
Brazil A 214.0 76 33.5 81.1 56.5
Bulgaria B 6.9 75 44.6 85.6 43.4
Cambodia C 16.9 70 25.6 60.0 44.3
Cameroon D 27.2 59 18.7 46.7 18.9
China A 1,444.2 77 38.4 80.0 57.8
Colombia A 51.3 77 31.3 82.2 54.6
Comoros C 0.9 64 20.4 46.7 27.2
Congo, Rep. D 5.7 65 19.2 38.9 21.3
Costa Rica B 5.1 80 33.5 91.1 54.9
Dominican Republic C 11.0 74 28.0 72.2 46.2
Ecuador C 17.9 77 27.9 65.6 46.2
Egypt A 104.3 72 24.6 82.2 35.4
El Salvador C 6.5 73 27.6 82.2 45.6
Eswatini C 1.2 60 20.7 71.1 29.2
Gabon D 2.3 66 22.5 40.0 31.1
Georgia B 4.0 74 38.3 87.8 45.0
Ghana D 31.7 64 21.5 71.1 32.6
Guatemala B 18.2 74 22.9 73.3 37.7
Guyana C 0.8 70 26.7 45.6 46.8
Honduras C 10.1 75 24.3 56.7 44.8
India C 1,393.4 70 28.4 76.7 51.3
Indonesia B 276.4 72 29.7 85.6 52.5
Jordan B 10.3 75 23.8 77.8 41.8
Kenya C 55.0 67 20.1 57.8 30.2
Kyrgyzstan B 6.6 71 26.0 90.0 40.3
Laos C 7.4 68 24.4 62.2 43.2
Lebanon D 6.8 79 29.6 44.4 51.6
Lesotho D 2.2 54 24.0 67.8 40.8
Libya D 7.0 73 28.8 25.6 52.3
Malawi C 19.6 64 18.1 70.0 16.1
Malaysia A 32.8 76 30.3 76.7 55.8
Mauritania D 4.8 65 20.1 61.1 25.0
Mexico A 130.3 75 29.2 80.0 49.7
Moldova A 4.0 72 37.6 91.1 60.4
Mongolia A 3.3 70 28.2 92.2 45.2
Morocco B 37.3 77 29.5 66.7 47.6
Myanmar C 54.8 67 29.0 74.4 53.5
Namibia D 2.6 64 21.8 51.1 32.1
Nepal C 29.7 71 24.6 72.2 47.0
Nicaragua D 6.7 74 26.5 46.7 45.7
North Macedonia D 2.1 76 39.1 72.2 55.5
Pakistan D 225.2 67 22.8 72.2 35.6
Papua New Guinea D 9.1 65 22.4 52.2 36.8
Paraguay C 7.2 74 26.3 65.6 44.5
Peru B 33.4 77 31.0 80.0 49.8
Philippines A 111.0 71 25.7 82.2 44.8
Russia A 145.9 73 39.6 82.2 48.8
Senegal C 17.2 68 18.5 66.7 15.8
Serbia B 8.7 76 41.6 88.9 47.5
South Africa C 60.0 64 27.6 81.1 47.8
Sri Lanka B 21.5 77 34.0 80.0 46.3
Suriname C 0.6 72 29.0 57.8 48.9
Tanzania D 61.5 65 18.0 63.3 14.1
Thailand B 70.0 77 40.1 83.3 58.1
Tunisia C 11.9 77 32.8 58.9 50.4
Turkey A 85.0 78 31.5 81.1 50.9
Turkmenistan A 6.1 68 26.9 72.2 44.8
Ukraine A 43.5 72 41.2 72.2 50.9
Uzbekistan D 33.9 72 27.8 67.8 49.4
Vietnam A 98.2 75 32.5 74.4 54.9
Zambia D 18.9 64 17.6 53.3 14.3
Zimbabwe D 15.1 61 18.7 58.9 18.4

Middle Income Countries
Totals / Averages:
N/A 5,503.7 71* 28.2* 69.0* 42.5*


Notes:
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.
  • Statistical Capacity Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
    0 = Low level of resources, 100 = High level of resources.


Key:
Data Quality Grade definitions:
         A: As good as it gets;
         B: Use with caution;
         C: Unreliable for many purposes
         D: Extremely poor quality.








Environmental, Social and Governance




Middle Income
Countries:
Carbon Emissions
Total MTCo2e
Methane Emissions
Total MTCo2e
Population in Poverty
% of Pop
Years of Schooling
Years
Rule
of Law
0-100 Index
Corruption Levels
0-100 Index






Albania 5.6 3.2 2% 10 39.8 35
Algeria 171.7 49.6 1% 8 29.4 33
Angola 38.0 40.0 <0.1% 5 24.9 29
Argentina 178.9 117.9 <0.1% 11 37.1 38
Armenia 6.0 2.4 2% 11 46.6 49
Azerbaijan 39.8 43.6 <0.1% 11 31.6 30
Bangladesh 102.2 83.8 15% 6 34.5 26
Belarus 62.5 16.8 <0.1% 12 24.1 41
Benin 8.0 5.6 50% 4 30.7 42
Bhutan 1.7 0.9 2% 4 63.3 68
Bolivia 22.6 26.0 5% 9 20.2 30
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.6 3.4 0% 10 41.1 35
Botswana 6.3 4.6 16% 10 59.5 55
Brazil 465.7 418.0 4% 8 44.3 38
Bulgaria 42.0 6.9 <0.1% 11 46.5 42
Cambodia 16.0 21.6 <0.1% 5 25.3 23
Cameroon 7.6 15.2 24% 6 20.3 27
China 10,174.7 1,239.0 1% 8 47.2 45
Colombia 102.2 77.1 4% 9 36.5 39
Comoros 0.3 0.3 18% 5 19.0 20
Congo, Rep. 3.5 3.8 37% 7 20.0 21
Costa Rica 8.5 4.8 <0.1% 9 62.7 58
Dominican Republic 27.4 9.2 0% 8 42.1 30
Ecuador 40.5 20.4 3% 9 35.1 36
Egypt 246.6 56.9 3% 7 39.8 33
El Salvador 6.2 4.0 2% 7 29.9 34
Eswatini 1.0 1.5 28% 7 35.5 32
Gabon 4.7 1.1 3% 9 32.2 31
Georgia 10.3 5.2 5% 13 55.7 55
Ghana 15.0 21.4 13% 7 47.7 43
Guatemala 20.5 11.8 9% 7 22.6 25
Guyana 2.4 1.6 <0.1% 9 38.1 39
Honduras 10.9 8.3 17% 7 25.0 23
India 2,615.8 669.3 21% 7 48.2 40
Indonesia 617.5 335.1 5% 8 40.3 38
Jordan 26.1 6.3 0% 11 53.9 49
Kenya 17.3 40.3 37% 7 34.9 30
Kyrgyzstan 11.5 5.0 1% 11 25.8 27
Laos 32.8 7.9 23% 5 27.7 30
Lebanon 28.2 3.3 <0.1% 9 26.3 24
Lesotho 2.2 2.3 27% 7 37.4 38
Libya 46.4 37.8 <0.1% 8 0.0 17
Malawi 1.5 11.2 70% 5 42.1 35
Malaysia 250.1 48.0 <0.1% 10 64.9 48
Mauritania 4.1 6.8 6% 5 34.2 28
Mexico 438.5 145.1 2% 9 32.1 31
Moldova 6.0 3.3 0% 12 38.5 36
Mongolia 65.5 17.9 1% 10 42.1 35
Morocco 71.9 17.7 1% 6 46.5 39
Myanmar 26.2 70.1 2% 5 19.5 28
Namibia 4.2 4.5 13% 7 56.0 49
Nepal 13.9 31.0 15% 5 36.5 33
Nicaragua 5.5 9.9 3% 7 18.6 20
North Macedonia 8.0 2.5 4% 10 47.1 39
Pakistan 248.8 151.0 4% 5 31.6 28
Papua New Guinea 7.1 11.4 38% 5 30.9 31
Paraguay 8.3 29.1 2% 9 38.4 30
Peru 54.5 31.5 3% 10 40.2 36
Philippines 144.3 67.7 6% 9 35.0 33
Russia 1,678.4 853.0 <0.1% 12 29.9 29
Senegal 9.8 10.8 38% 3 41.8 43
Serbia 54.7 12.4 6% 11 44.1 38
South Africa 478.6 45.4 19% 10 45.8 44
Sri Lanka 24.8 10.0 1% 11 47.5 37
Suriname 2.6 1.4 <0.1% 9 46.0 39
Tanzania 11.6 65.6 49% 6 33.8 39
Thailand 288.3 84.7 0% 8 51.6 35
Tunisia 31.0 6.4 0% 7 52.0 44
Turkey 405.1 47.4 <0.1% 8 39.8 38
Turkmenistan 85.6 49.6 <0.1% 10 13.9 19
Ukraine 223.2 63.0 0% 11 32.1 32
Uzbekistan 110.2 105.9 <0.1% 12 22.4 28
Vietnam 247.7 88.0 2% 8 45.3 39
Zambia 6.7 27.4 58% 7 33.3 33
Zimbabwe 10.4 12.0 34% 9 17.2 23

Middle Income Countries
Totals/Averages:
20,301.1 5,574.1 N/A 8* 36.7* 35*


Notes:
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.
  • Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
    Rule of Law: 0 = low rule of law, 100 = High rule of law.
    Corruption Perceptions Index: 0 = High levels of corruption, 100 = Low levels of corruption.
  • Total Carbon and Methane data expressed in MTCo2e (Million Metric Tons of CO2 equivalent)
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.



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