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Environmental Impact by Country

Environmental criteria consider how each country can reduce the impact of its operations on the natural environment.

The data below ranks the world's worst polluters.


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Country Rank Emissions
Index
Carbon
Emissions
(Total MtCO2e)
Methane
Emissions
(Total MtCO2e)
Carbon
Emissions
(Per Cap MtCO2e)
Methane
Emissions
(Per Cap MtCO2e)
Air
Quality
(PM2.5)
Water
Access
(%)
China 1 0.0 114,724 12,131 7.9 0.8 38 99
United States 2 47.0 50,073 7,557 15.0 2.3 7 71
India 3 60.6 27,097 6,688 1.9 0.5 50 99
Russia 4 63.7 17,555 6,945 12.0 4.8 9 82
Brazil 5 79.6 4,889 4,430 2.3 2.1 11 50
Indonesia 6 81.2 6,193 3,897 2.2 1.4 19 95
Pakistan 7 92.0 2,295 1,689 1.0 0.8 50 62
Mexico 8 92.3 4,072 1,433 3.1 1.1 18 100
Saudi Arabia 9 92.4 6,724 1,138 19.0 3.2 57 56
Australia 10 92.6 3,912 1,380 15.2 5.4 9 100
Canada 11 93.3 5,456 1,039 14.3 2.7 6 100
Nigeria 12 93.5 1,370 1,438 0.7 0.7 56 75
Argentina 13 93.8 1,865 1,309 4.1 2.9 12 85
Japan 14 94.2 10,674 277 8.5 0.2 11 100
South Africa 15 94.7 4,359 823 7.3 1.4 20 95
Germany 16 95.0 6,748 495 8.0 0.6 11 47
Vietnam 17 95.2 3,260 825 3.3 0.8 21 92
Algeria 18 95.3 1,763 959 4.0 2.2 23 94
Bangladesh 19 95.7 932 948 0.6 0.6 46 85
Egypt 20 95.7 2,496 782 2.4 0.8 63 98
Thailand 21 95.8 2,785 713 4.0 1.0 25 99
Turkey 22 96.0 4,462 493 5.3 0.6 27 94
Turkmenistan 23 96.2 830 828 13.6 13.5 26 93
France 24 96.3 3,060 582 4.7 0.9 11 78
Ethiopia 25 96.3 178 884 0.2 0.8 22 57
United Kingdom 26 96.4 3,468 512 5.1 0.8 10 98
Korea, Rep. 27 96.4 6,161 226 12.0 0.4 24 72
Colombia 28 96.4 917 784 1.8 1.5 14 81
Philippines 29 96.6 1,443 666 1.3 0.6 23 75
Myanmar 30 96.6 363 778 0.7 1.4 27 100
Kazakhstan 31 96.7 2,767 501 14.6 2.6 27 98
Italy 32 96.7 3,287 447 5.4 0.7 14 100
United Arab Emirates 33 97.0 2,041 510 20.4 5.1 42 100
Libya 34 97.0 745 651 10.7 9.4 30 100
Uzbekistan 35 97.2 1,216 546 3.6 1.6 41 100
Malaysia 36 97.3 2,560 397 7.8 1.2 22 53
Spain 37 97.4 2,337 388 5.0 0.8 9 92
Poland 38 97.4 3,286 287 8.7 0.8 19 90
Sudan 39 97.5 210 579 0.5 1.3 21 100
Chad 40 97.7 19 563 0.1 3.3 41 100
Ukraine 41 97.8 2,018 322 4.6 0.7 14 94
Tanzania 42 97.9 130 498 0.2 0.8 15 96
Congo, Dem. Rep 43 98.0 26 490 0.0 0.5 32
Angola 44 98.1 214 441 0.6 1.3 27 100
Kenya 45 98.3 199 385 0.4 0.7 13 98
Peru 46 98.4 563 334 1.7 1.0 29 97
Bolivia 47 98.5 233 343 2.0 2.9 25 100
New Zealand 48 98.5 338 317 7.0 6.5 9 70
Kuwait 49 98.5 1,061 254 24.5 5.9 64 100
Paraguay 50 98.7 86 304 1.2 4.2 12 100
Qatar 51 98.7 957 222 32.7 7.6 59 100
Ecuador 52 98.7 413 279 2.3 1.6 17 86
Zambia 53 98.8 77 272 0.4 1.4 17 65
Netherlands 54 98.8 1,410 155 8.2 0.9 11 45
Mozambique 55 98.8 71 280 0.2 0.9 17 100
Niger 56 98.8 27 294 0.1 1.2 50 97
Oman 57 98.8 810 213 15.5 4.1 35 100
Uganda 58 98.9 58 254 0.1 0.5 31 97
Nepal 59 98.9 142 249 0.5 0.8 36 83
Belarus 60 99.0 596 171 6.3 1.8 16 93
Mali 61 99.0 42 244 0.2 1.2 39 93
Romania 62 99.0 793 166 4.2 0.9 13 100
Mongolia 63 99.0 503 194 15.1 5.8 41 100
Uruguay 64 99.1 67 209 1.9 6.0 9 94
Czech Republic 65 99.1 971 125 9.1 1.2 14 94
Chile 66 99.1 854 119 4.5 0.6 21 64
Bahrain 67 99.1 390 185 22.3 10.6 52 98
Cambodia 68 99.1 190 200 1.1 1.2 18 72
Morocco 69 99.2 706 123 1.9 0.3 13 96
Afghanistan 70 99.2 119 171 0.3 0.4 63 100
Azerbaijan 71 99.2 385 149 3.8 1.5 25 100
Ireland 72 99.2 376 156 7.5 3.1 8 100
Belgium 73 99.3 957 81 8.2 0.7 11 100
Serbia 74 99.3 309 144 3.6 1.7 22 100
Madagascar 75 99.3 43 171 0.2 0.6 16 100
Guinea 76 99.3 48 171 0.4 1.3 38 99
Central African Republic 77 99.3 2 162 0.0 3.3 27 47
Burkina Faso 78 99.3 57 168 0.3 0.8 41 99
Cameroon 79 99.3 93 169 0.3 0.6 56 92
Ghana 80 99.4 213 114 0.7 0.4 46 89
Zimbabwe 81 99.4 113 131 0.8 0.9 13 62
Guatemala 82 99.4 203 115 1.1 0.6 21 59
Greece 83 99.4 563 90 5.4 0.9 15 97
Israel 84 99.4 545 95 6.2 1.1 20 97
Portugal 85 99.4 408 112 4.0 1.1 7 100
Austria 86 99.4 646 71 7.2 0.8 12 60
Hungary 87 99.5 484 69 5.0 0.7 14 100
Senegal 88 99.5 136 119 0.8 0.7 38 71
Dominican Republic 89 99.5 289 95 2.6 0.9 8 96
Papua New Guinea 90 99.5 85 113 0.9 1.2 9 91
Bulgaria 91 99.5 426 68 6.2 1.0 17 85
Yemen, Rep. 92 99.5 125 110 0.4 0.4 42 61
Trinidad and Tobago 93 99.6 361 70 25.7 5.0 36 67
Sri Lanka 94 99.6 208 82 1.0 0.4 24 90
Nicaragua 95 99.6 51 97 0.8 1.5 16 96
Laos 96 99.6 208 85 2.8 1.2 21 86
Jordan 97 99.6 256 68 2.5 0.7 26 65
Tunisia 98 99.6 316 70 2.7 0.6 10 99
Norway 99 99.6 409 46 7.5 0.9 6 64
Honduras 100 99.6 109 81 1.1 0.8 19 100
Cote d'Ivoire 101 99.6 117 76 0.4 0.3 40 37
Switzerland 102 99.6 349 51 4.0 0.6 9 100
Denmark 103 99.6 296 78 5.1 1.3 10 95
Finland 104 99.6 376 47 6.8 0.8 6 100
Congo, Rep. 105 99.6 75 100 1.3 1.8 30 66
Georgia 106 99.7 110 56 2.8 1.4 19 100
Sweden 107 99.7 358 47 3.5 0.5 6 100
Mauritania 108 99.7 41 74 0.9 1.6 42 46
Tajikistan 109 99.7 103 59 1.1 0.6 54 84
Panama 110 99.7 130 51 3.0 1.2 12 100
Singapore 111 99.7 325 44 5.5 0.8 13 63
Gabon 112 99.7 57 62 2.5 2.7 26 100
Slovak Republic 113 99.7 353 44 6.5 0.8 16 94
Kyrgyzstan 114 99.8 93 49 1.4 0.7 38 84
Sierra Leone 115 99.8 13 39 0.2 0.5 39 46
Benin 116 99.8 78 41 0.6 0.3 32 94
Costa Rica 117 99.8 78 48 1.5 0.9 15 91
Lebanon 118 99.8 250 34 3.7 0.5 24 63
Haiti 119 99.8 29 54 0.3 0.5 10 100
Bosnia and Herzegovina 120 99.8 136 36 4.2 1.1 26 98
Lithuania 121 99.8 139 29 5.2 1.1 10 100
Croatia 122 99.8 177 37 4.3 0.9 15 60
Malawi 123 99.8 15 43 0.1 0.2 19 98
El Salvador 124 99.8 72 35 1.1 0.5 22 92
Namibia 125 99.8 40 39 1.6 1.5 12
Moldova 126 99.8 56 50 1.4 1.3 12 92
Guinea-Bissau 127 99.9 4 14 0.2 0.7 35 100
Cyprus 128 99.9 76 8 6.2 0.6 15 99
Armenia 129 99.9 68 23 2.3 0.8 34 82
Luxembourg 130 99.9 84 6 13.2 0.9 9 98
Latvia 131 99.9 73 19 3.9 1.0 12 100
Guyana 132 99.9 31 18 3.9 2.3 11 97
Gambia 133 99.9 7 14 0.3 0.6 39 97
Slovenia 134 99.9 126 17 6.1 0.8 14 61
Mauritius 135 99.9 45 20 3.5 1.5 11 71
Botswana 136 99.9 65 21 2.7 0.9 13 100
North Macedonia 137 99.9 69 24 3.3 1.1
Albania 138 99.9 46 29 1.6 1.0 16 100
Rwanda 139 99.9 18 20 0.1 0.2 36
Jamaica 140 99.9 77 8 2.6 0.3 15 100
Togo 141 99.9 23 30 0.3 0.4 25 74
Suriname 142 99.9 28 14 4.7 2.5 12 100
Hong Kong 143 99.9 317 0 4.2 90
Eswatini 144 99.9 11 14 0.9 1.2 15 100
Burundi 145 99.9 7 15 0.1 0.1 28 100
Estonia 146 99.9 104 11 7.9 0.8 6 69
Lesotho 147 100.0 23 11 1.1 0.5 18 95
Bhutan 148 100.0 15 5 2.0 0.6 26 100
Malta 149 100.0 17 2 3.9 0.4 13 100
Iceland 150 100.0 34 5 9.8 1.5 6 97
Brunei Darussalam 151 100.0 105 0 23.7 7 100
Bahamas, The 152 100.0 24 2 6.0 0.6 5 91
Liberia 153 100.0 12 5 0.2 0.1 36 99
Comoros 154 100.0 3 3 0.3 0.3 14 98
Cabo Verde 155 100.0 7 1 1.2 0.2 31 100



See: Data for individual countries and underlying data click on the country name

Total Carbon and Methane expressed in Millions of MtCO2e

Source: World Economics, World Health Organisation, United Nations and World Bank

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Key:
Emissions Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
          0 = High emissions, 100 = Low emissions.