Back to Homepage

Environmental Impact by Country

Environmental criteria consider how each country can reduce the impact of its operations on the natural environment.

The data below ranks the world's worst polluters.


Filter by region:

Sort by indicator:



Country Rank Emissions
Index
Carbon
Emissions
(Total MtCO2e)
Methane
Emissions
(Total MtCO2e)
Carbon
Emissions
(Per Cap MtCO2e)
Methane
Emissions
(Per Cap MtCO2e)
Air
Quality
(PM2.5)
Water
Access
(%)
China 1 0.0 101,747 12,390 7.1 0.9 46 94
United States 2 48.9 52,847 6,238 15.9 1.9 7 99
Russia 3 57.3 16,784 8,530 11.5 5.9 10 97
India 4 60.1 26,158 6,693 1.9 0.5 69 91
Brazil 5 80.8 4,657 4,180 2.2 2.0 12 99
Indonesia 6 83.4 6,175 3,351 2.2 1.2 19 92
Mexico 7 92.0 4,385 1,451 3.4 1.1 23 99
Australia 8 92.3 4,110 1,399 15.9 5.4 7 99
Pakistan 9 92.7 2,488 1,510 1.1 0.7 59 90
Canada 10 93.3 5,767 955 15.2 2.5 6 99
Japan 11 93.7 11,067 211 8.8 0.2 13 99
Nigeria 12 94.2 1,400 1,279 0.7 0.6 62 78
Germany 13 94.4 7,020 534 8.4 0.6 12 99
Argentina 14 94.4 1,789 1,179 3.9 2.6 13
Uzbekistan 15 95.2 1,102 1,059 3.3 3.1 28 98
Vietnam 16 95.2 2,477 880 2.5 0.9 22 97
Thailand 17 95.2 2,883 847 4.1 1.2 30 99
Saudi Arabia 18 95.4 5,821 442 16.5 1.3 60 99
Ethiopia 19 95.8 163 1,035 0.1 0.9 32 50
South Africa 20 95.8 4,786 454 8.0 0.8 25 94
Korea, Rep. 21 96.0 6,113 255 11.9 0.5 26 99
Turkey 22 96.1 4,051 474 4.8 0.6 37 97
Bangladesh 23 96.1 1,022 838 0.6 0.5 63 98
United Kingdom 24 96.1 3,699 512 5.4 0.8 10 99
France 25 96.1 3,236 583 5.0 0.9 12 99
Colombia 26 96.4 1,022 771 2.0 1.5 19 98
Ukraine 27 96.4 2,232 630 5.1 1.5 14 94
Egypt 28 96.5 2,466 569 2.4 0.6 72 99
Poland 29 96.5 3,226 475 8.5 1.3 21 99
Philippines 30 96.6 1,443 677 1.3 0.6 21 94
Italy 31 96.6 3,371 437 5.6 0.7 15 99
Afghanistan 32 96.7 107 815 0.3 2.1 55 75
Malaysia 33 96.8 2,501 480 7.6 1.5 16 97
Kazakhstan 34 96.8 3,138 414 16.5 2.2 18 95
United Arab Emirates 35 96.9 1,907 530 19.1 5.3 45 99
Myanmar 36 97.0 262 701 0.5 1.3 33 84
Spain 37 97.2 2,527 399 5.4 0.9 9 99
Algeria 38 97.2 1,717 496 3.9 1.1 35 94
Tanzania 39 97.3 116 656 0.2 1.1 27 61
Sudan 40 97.5 230 589 0.5 1.3 44 60
Turkmenistan 41 97.6 856 496 14.0 8.1 18 99
Chad 42 97.8 10 545 0.1 3.2 64 46
Congo, Dem. Rep 43 98.0 23 490 0.0 0.5 43 46
Azerbaijan 44 98.1 398 436 3.9 4.3 21 96
Angola 45 98.2 380 400 1.1 1.2 38 57
Kenya 46 98.3 173 403 0.3 0.7 27 62
Libya 47 98.3 464 378 6.7 5.4 49 99
Peru 48 98.5 545 315 1.6 0.9 31 93
Netherlands 49 98.5 1,548 173 9.0 1.0 12 99
New Zealand 50 98.5 365 325 7.5 6.7 7 99
Uganda 51 98.6 55 333 0.1 0.7 43 56
Romania 52 98.7 751 238 3.9 1.2 15 99
Central African Republic 53 98.7 3 315 0.1 6.4 43 37
Nepal 54 98.7 139 310 0.5 1.0 82 90
Paraguay 55 98.8 83 291 1.2 4.0 12 99
Bolivia 56 98.8 226 260 1.9 2.2 26 93
Niger 57 98.8 21 299 0.1 1.2 93 47
Morocco 58 98.9 719 177 1.9 0.5 28 90
Mozambique 59 98.9 87 275 0.3 0.9 21 63
Zambia 60 98.9 67 274 0.4 1.5 31 65
Mali 61 99.0 34 233 0.2 1.1 64 83
Ecuador 62 99.0 405 204 2.3 1.1 20 95
Mongolia 63 99.0 655 179 19.7 5.4 43 86
Chile 64 99.0 843 135 4.4 0.7 24 99
Czech Republic 65 99.0 1,010 124 9.4 1.2 15 99
Belarus 66 99.0 625 168 6.6 1.8 16 97
Uruguay 67 99.1 64 209 1.8 6.0 10 99
Qatar 68 99.1 1,093 81 37.3 2.8 81 99
Ireland 69 99.1 371 168 7.5 3.4 8 97
Cambodia 70 99.1 160 216 1.0 1.3 25 71
Ghana 71 99.1 150 214 0.5 0.7 55 86
Bahrain 72 99.2 344 149 19.7 8.5 63 99
Belgium 73 99.2 997 82 8.6 0.7 13 99
Kuwait 74 99.2 1,075 61 24.8 1.4 63 99
Israel 75 99.2 642 121 7.3 1.4 19 99
Serbia 76 99.2 547 124 6.3 1.4 25 95
Greece 77 99.3 672 97 6.5 0.9 14 99
Madagascar 78 99.3 40 178 0.1 0.6 18 53
Portugal 79 99.3 486 113 4.8 1.1 8 99
Guinea 80 99.3 32 179 0.2 1.3 53 64
Burkina Faso 81 99.4 43 156 0.2 0.7 56 47
Guatemala 82 99.4 205 118 1.1 0.6 31 94
Cameroon 83 99.4 76 152 0.3 0.6 65 66
Austria 84 99.4 685 67 7.6 0.7 12 99
Oman 85 99.4 717 55 13.7 1.1 44 92
Senegal 86 99.5 98 108 0.6 0.6 60 85
Dominican Republic 87 99.5 274 92 2.5 0.8 16 97
Hungary 88 99.5 491 71 5.1 0.7 16 99
Zimbabwe 89 99.5 104 120 0.7 0.8 25 63
Papua New Guinea 90 99.5 71 114 0.8 1.3 11 45
Bulgaria 91 99.5 420 69 6.1 1.0 19 99
Sri Lanka 92 99.5 248 100 1.2 0.5 17 92
Malawi 93 99.5 15 112 0.1 0.6 26 70
Laos 94 99.5 328 79 4.5 1.1 21 85
Tunisia 95 99.6 310 64 2.6 0.5 33 98
Nicaragua 96 99.6 55 99 0.8 1.5 22 82
Honduras 97 99.6 109 83 1.1 0.8 26 96
Switzerland 98 99.6 377 48 4.3 0.6 10 99
Jordan 99 99.6 261 63 2.5 0.6 33 99
Sweden 100 99.6 428 46 4.2 0.5 6 99
Singapore 101 99.6 389 42 6.6 0.7 17 99
Yemen, Rep. 102 99.6 103 86 0.3 0.3 42 61
Norway 103 99.6 424 49 7.8 0.9 7 99
Finland 104 99.6 417 42 7.5 0.8 6 99
Denmark 105 99.6 321 71 5.5 1.2 10 99
Benin 106 99.7 80 56 0.6 0.5 42 65
Cote d'Ivoire 107 99.7 129 66 0.5 0.2 58 71
Slovak Republic 108 99.7 333 44 6.1 0.8 18 99
Kyrgyzstan 109 99.7 115 50 1.7 0.8 24 92
Mauritania 110 99.7 41 68 0.9 1.4 74 72
Tajikistan 111 99.7 90 55 0.9 0.6 35 82
Bosnia and Herzegovina 112 99.7 266 34 8.2 1.0 28 96
Lebanon 113 99.7 282 33 4.2 0.5 31 93
Panama 114 99.7 125 54 2.9 1.2 15 94
Liberia 115 99.7 13 62 0.3 1.2 52 75
Georgia 116 99.7 103 52 2.6 1.3 22 97
Trinidad and Tobago 117 99.8 379 13 27.0 0.9 23 99
Sierra Leone 118 99.8 10 46 0.1 0.6 54 64
Costa Rica 119 99.8 85 48 1.7 0.9 19 99
Croatia 120 99.8 179 38 4.4 0.9 17
Moldova 121 99.8 60 33 1.5 0.8 14 91
Lithuania 122 99.8 135 32 5.0 1.2 11 98
Congo, Rep. 123 99.8 35 38 0.6 0.7 43 74
Haiti 124 99.8 33 47 0.3 0.4 18 67
Botswana 125 99.8 63 46 2.6 1.9 25 92
El Salvador 126 99.8 62 40 1.0 0.6 29 98
Hong Kong 127 99.8 415 0 5.5 99
Namibia 128 99.8 42 45 1.6 1.7 24 84
Mauritius 129 99.9 47 19 3.7 1.5 11 99
Burundi 130 99.9 6 21 0.1 0.2 37 62
Slovenia 131 99.9 137 20 6.6 1.0 16 99
Cyprus 132 99.9 73 7 6.0 0.6 15 99
Albania 133 99.9 56 32 1.9 1.1 18 95
Guinea-Bissau 134 99.9 3 16 0.2 0.8 54 59
Jamaica 135 99.9 80 8 2.7 0.3 15 91
Guyana 136 99.9 24 16 3.0 2.0 23 96
Eswatini 137 99.9 10 15 0.8 1.3 20 71
Estonia 138 99.9 139 11 10.5 0.8 6 99
Togo 139 99.9 33 35 0.4 0.4 46 69
North Macedonia 140 99.9 80 25 3.9 1.2 30 98
Armenia 141 99.9 60 24 2.0 0.8 34 99
Suriname 142 99.9 26 14 4.4 2.3 27 98
Gabon 143 99.9 47 11 2.1 0.5 41 85
Luxembourg 144 99.9 98 5 15.4 0.9 10 99
Rwanda 145 99.9 11 29 0.1 0.2 40 60
Latvia 146 99.9 83 19 4.4 1.0 12 99
Lesotho 147 99.9 22 23 1.0 1.1 25 72
Gambia 148 99.9 6 17 0.2 0.7 58 81
Malta 149 100.0 16 2 3.5 0.5 13 99
Brunei Darussalam 150 100.0 91 0 20.6 8 99
Bahamas, The 151 100.0 20 2 5.0 0.6 17
Bhutan 152 100.0 17 9 2.2 1.1 38 97
Iceland 153 100.0 33 5 9.7 1.5 6 99
Comoros 154 100.0 3 3 0.3 0.3 15
Cabo Verde 155 100.0 6 1 1.1 0.2 62 89



See: Data for individual countries and underlying data click on the country name

Total Carbon and Methane expressed in Millions of MtCO2e

Source: World Economics, World Health Organisation, United Nations and World Bank

Please read our Terms of Service and Disclaimer relating to data on this page.



Key:
Emissions Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
          0 = High emissions, 100 = Low emissions.