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Low Income Countries

19 COUNTRIES MAKE UP THE LOW INCOME COUNTRIES

World Economics has combined 19 countries to represent the Low Income Countries group. The Low Income designation is defined as all countries with a gross national income per capita less than $1,036.

Overall these countries account for 1% of Global GDP and 1% of global GDP growth in the past 10 years (2011-2021).

The Low Income Countries are home to over 0.6 billion people with an average life expectancy of 62 years and a current median age of 18 against a global average of 31.



Economics




Low Income
Countries
Revised GDP PPP
Int$, Billions
CAGR
10 Year
Rate
%, 2011-2021
Share of
Global
GDP
%
Share of Global GDP Growth
%, 2011-2021
Revised GDP Per Capita
Int$
Government Debt to Revised GDP
%







Afghanistan 158.4 3.3% 0.1% 0.1% 3,977 3.7%
Burkina Faso 89.6 5.3% 0.1% 0.1% 4,170 28.2%
Central African Republic 8.3 -1.8% 0.0% 0.0% 1,693 26.1%
Chad 42.7 1.8% 0.0% 0.0% 2,524 32.4%
Congo, Dem. Rep 191.4 5.5% 0.1% 0.2% 2,072 8.6%
Ethiopia 414.9 8.6% 0.3% 0.5% 3,520 35.8%
Gambia 9.0 3.6% 0.0% 0.0% 3,618 51.3%
Guinea-Bissau 6.6 2.8% 0.0% 0.0% 3,254 45.2%
Liberia 14.2 1.7% 0.0% 0.0% 2,734 27.6%
Madagascar 71.3 2.3% 0.0% 0.0% 2,508 31.3%
Mali 86.4 3.7% 0.1% 0.1% 4,142 27.9%
Mozambique 59.3 4.2% 0.0% 0.0% 1,845 70.4%
Niger 51.7 5.6% 0.0% 0.1% 2,057 29.7%
Rwanda 44.4 6.3% 0.0% 0.0% 3,341 45.0%
Sierra Leone 23.4 3.4% 0.0% 0.0% 2,869 45.8%
Sudan 338.3 1.6% 0.2% 0.1% 7,534 93.1%
Togo 33.0 8.2% 0.0% 0.0% 3,892 35.4%
Uganda 168.1 4.7% 0.1% 0.1% 3,567 32.2%
Yemen, Rep. 58.7 1.8% 0.0% 0.0% 1,926 47.0%

Low Income Countries
Totals / Averages:
1,869.7 N/A 1.0% 1.3% 3,223* 37.7%*


World Economics revised GDP data removes serious errors in GDP measurement.
Revised GDP data can be used to analyse and compare country investment potential, but other hidden faults may still be present in source GDP data. Learn more...


Notes:
  • GDP data includes estimates for the Informal Economy, and updated Base Years, to improve the often imperfect quality of Low Income Countries data.
  • Debt-to-GDP ratio is total gross government debt as a proportion of revised GDP.
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.







Demography




Low Income
Countries
Population
Data Quality
Grade
Total
Population
Millions
Life Expectancy
Years
Median
Age
Years
Statistical Capacity
0-100 Index
Age Dependency
Total






Afghanistan D 39.8 65 18.4 57.8 19.9
Burkina Faso C 21.5 62 17.6 67.8 12.1
Central African Republic D 4.9 53 17.6 36.7 13.6
Chad D 16.9 54 16.6 54.4 4.0
Congo, Dem. Rep D 92.4 61 17.0 40.0 4.6
Ethiopia D 117.9 67 19.5 47.8 23.2
Gambia D 2.5 62 17.8 70.0 13.1
Guinea-Bissau D 2.0 58 18.8 48.9 18.8
Liberia D 5.2 64 19.4 57.8 22.4
Madagascar C 28.4 67 19.6 54.4 24.1
Mali B 20.9 59 16.3 60.0 2.0
Mozambique C 32.2 61 17.6 62.2 11.6
Niger D 25.1 62 15.2 68.9 -9.5
Rwanda C 13.3 69 20.0 73.3 25.8
Sierra Leone C 8.1 55 19.4 60.0 23.7
Sudan D 44.9 65 19.7 54.4 23.1
Togo C 8.5 61 19.4 67.8 22.9
Uganda D 47.1 63 16.7 71.1 7.7
Yemen, Rep. D 30.5 66 20.2 27.8 28.3

Low Income Countries
Totals / Averages:
N/A 562.1 62* 18.3* 56.9* 15.3*


Notes:
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.
  • Statistical Capacity Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
    0 = Low level of resources, 100 = High level of resources.


Key:
Data Quality Grade definitions:
         A: As good as it gets;
         B: Use with caution;
         C: Unreliable for many purposes
         D: Extremely poor quality.








Environmental, Social and Governance




Low Income
Countries:
Carbon Emissions
Total MTCo2e
Methane Emissions
Total MTCo2e
Population in Poverty
% of Pop
Years of Schooling
Years
Rule
of Law
0-100 Index
Corruption Levels
0-100 Index






Afghanistan 10.7 81.5 <0.1% 4 4.0 16
Burkina Faso 4.3 15.6 <0.1% 2 38.3 42
Central African Republic 0.3 31.5 66% 4 6.4 24
Chad 1.0 54.5 38% 3 16.4 20
Congo, Dem. Rep 2.3 49.0 77% 7 4.4 19
Ethiopia 16.3 103.5 31% 3 38.8 39
Gambia 0.6 1.7 10% 4 39.6 37
Guinea-Bissau 0.3 1.6 67% 4 - 21
Liberia 1.3 6.2 41% 5 23.3 29
Madagascar 4.0 17.8 78% 6 26.8 26
Mali 3.4 23.3 50% 2 25.8 29
Mozambique 8.7 27.5 63% 4 23.4 26
Niger 2.1 29.9 45% 2 35.1 31
Rwanda 1.1 2.9 56% 4 51.3 53
Sierra Leone 1.0 4.6 40% 4 30.0 34
Sudan 23.0 58.9 13% 4 22.3 20
Togo 3.3 3.5 50% 5 32.3 30
Uganda 5.5 33.3 42% 6 40.5 27
Yemen, Rep. 10.3 8.6 19% 3 4.8 16

Low Income Countries
Totals/Averages:
99.5 555.1 N/A 4* 25.8* 28*


Notes:
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.
  • Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
    Rule of Law: 0 = low rule of law, 100 = High rule of law.
    Corruption Perceptions Index: 0 = High levels of corruption, 100 = Low levels of corruption.
  • Total Carbon and Methane data expressed in MTCo2e (Million Metric Tons of CO2 equivalent)
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.



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