Pakistan

Updated: September 27th, 2022.


Key Insights
  • Pakistan is classified by World Economics as the second largest economy in the Frontier Market group.
  • The country has a large population of over 225 million, a low average age but 58% of births are not registered making population data potentially unreliable.
  • Pakista's governance, rule of law levels are very poor while corruption remains high.
 
ECONOMY SIZE

  • When measured in Purchasing Power Parity terms, including estimates for its large informal economy, and adjustments for outdated base year measures, Pakistan's GDP is the 23rd largest in the world, 8th largest in the Asia-Pacific region and second largest in the Frontier Markets
Gross Domestic Product: 2021
Ranked by GDP
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GDP PPP
(Billions)
GDP Data Quality
Grade
Share of
Global GDP
%





Spain $2,188 A 1.3%
Canada $2,037 A 1.2%
Nigeria $1,934 D 1.2%
Egypt $1,855 C 1.1%
Thailand $1,792 C 1.1%
Taiwan $1,700 C 1.0%
Poland $1,588 A 1.0%
Pakistan $1,523 B 0.9%
Australia $1,440 A 0.9%
Argentina $1,371 C 0.8%
Philippines $1,276 B 0.8%
Malaysia $1,253 B 0.8%
Bangladesh $1,160 C 0.7%
South Africa $1,128 B 0.6%
Vietnam $1,122 C 0.7%

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GDP Data Quality

Data Quality Ratings: Asia-Pacific Region
Index: 0 = Extremely poor quality, 100 = Good as it gets
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Data
Quality
Index
Data
Quality
Grade
Base
Year
SNA
Version
Informal
Economy %
Resoucres
Index 0-100
Corruption
Index 0-100





Hong Kong 95.7 A Chained 2008 13.6 100.0 76
Korea, Rep. 90.1 A Chained 2008 22.7 100.0 62
China 81.1 B 2015 2008 12.7 80.0 45
Mongolia 76.3 B 2010 2008 15.1 92.2 35
Philippines 75.1 B 2018 2008 34.1 82.2 33
Indonesia 73.3 B 2010 2008 22.7 85.6 38
Malaysia 73.0 B 2010 2008 25.3 76.7 48
Pakistan 70.2 B 2016 2008 35.6 72.2 28
Kazakhstan 69.8 C Chained 1993 31.9 78.9 37
Sri Lanka 69.6 C 2010 2008 31.1 80.0 37
Uzbekistan 67.6 C Chained 1993 27.2 67.8 28
Azerbaijan 67.1 C Chained 1993 36.8 80.0 30
Thailand 65.8 C Chained 1993 46.2 83.3 35
Tajikistan 64.7 C Chained 1993 37.1 72.2 25

Access the interactive all country Data Quality Ratings table

Key:
Data Quality Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
         0 = Poor, 100 = Excellent.

Resources Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
         0 = Low level of resources, 100 = High level of resources.

Corruption Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
         0 = High corruption, 100 = Low corruption.

Grade definitions:
         A: As good as it gets;
         B: Use with caution;
         C: Unreliable for many purposes
         D: Extremely poor quality.


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ECONOMIC GROWTH

  • Pakistan's Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) over the last 10, 5 and 3 years was 4.0%, 3.4% and 1.9% respectively.
  • On a 10-year CAGR basis Pakistan ranks as the 11th fastest growing economy in the Asia-Pacific region and 10th of 28 countries in the Frontier Markets over the past decade.
Pakistan's Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) over the last 10-years
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Global
Rank:
GDP Data
Quality:
Grade
CAGR
10 Year:
2011-2021
CAGR
5 Year:
2016-2021
CAGR
3 Year:
2018-2021
Global Growth
Share:
Percentage




Mongolia 31 B 5.0% 3.1% 1.1% 0.0%
Dominican Republic 32 B 4.9% 4.3% 3.2% 0.2%
Philippines 33 B 4.8% 2.9% 0.4% 1.1%
Uganda 34 C 4.7% 4.9% 4.9% 0.1%
Cameroon 35 D 4.4% 3.6% 3.5% 0.1%
Indonesia 36 B 4.3% 3.3% 2.2% 3.6%
Mozambique 37 C 4.2% 2.1% 1.1% 0.0%
Pakistan 38 B 4.0% 3.4% 1.9% 1.1%
Papua New Guinea 39 D 3.9% 1.2% 0.9% 0.0%
Oman 40 B 3.9% 2.6% 3.6% 0.2%
Panama 41 C 3.9% 1.3% -0.9% 0.1%
Malaysia 42 B 3.8% 2.4% 0.6% 0.9%
Egypt 43 C 3.8% 4.4% 4.1% 1.3%
Georgia 44 B 3.8% 3.5% 2.6% 0.1%
Costa Rica 45 A 3.7% 3.7% 3.9% 0.1%

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  • Over the past 10 years the global economy has grown by 27%. Pakistan's contribution to this growth was 1.1% once any allowances are made for base year and informal economy size.

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WEALTH

  • GDP per Capita has grown much slower than comparable countries in the Asia-Pacific region and in the Frontier Markets generally.
Pakistan's GDP Per Capita Growth: 10 Years
Index: 1996 = 100

  • Pakistan's GDP per Capita remains very low against the Asia-Pacific and Frontier Market averages.

GDP Per Capita: Asia-Pacific Region
Ranked by GDP per Capita


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INEQUALITY

  • The distribution of income in an economy and can be measured on a country by country basis by the Gini Coefficient. Gini values are not all up-to-date but in the case of Pakistan the data relates to 2018.
  • World Economics has Indexed the Gini Coefficient in relation to each country for comparison purposes. The Index is on a scale of 0-100. A high value indicates a more egalitarian society - and a low value suggests a lot of the national income is in the hands of a relatively small section of the population.
  • Pakistan ranks 33rd globally, 8th for the Asia Pacific region and 6th in the Frontier Markets for Inequality.
Inequality Rankings: Asia-Pacific Region
Index: 0-100, 0 = High Inequality; 100 = High Equality
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Regional
Rank
Inequality
Index
Poverty
% of Population




Kazakhstan 3 55.9 0.0%
Kyrgyzstan 4 52.9 0.9%
Myanmar 5 51.3 2.0%
Cambodia 6 51.1 -
Korea, Rep. 7 50.2 -
Pakistan 8 49.8 3.9%
Bangladesh 9 48.6 14.8%
New Zealand 10 48.4 -
Mongolia 11 48.1 0.5%
Nepal 12 47.9 15.0%
Japan 13 47.8 -
Tajikistan 14 46.0 4.8%
Taiwan 15 46.0 -

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DEBT

  • World Economics produces GDP data in Purchasing Power Parity terms with added estimates for the size of the informal economy and adjustments for out-of-date GDP base year data.
  • Pakistan's is officially reported as having a debt-to-GDP ratio is calculated to be 74% by the IMF.
  • Using the World Economics GDP database, Pakistan's GDP is calculated to be 43% larger than official estimates. Its debt ratio is consequently calculated at 51.7%
Debt-to-GDP Ratio for Emerging Market Countries
Ranked by % of GDP
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Global
Rank
Debt-to-GDP
Ratio




Albania 44 56.2%
Australia 45 54.4%
Costa Rica 46 54.0%
Algeria 47 53.2%
Ghana 48 52.8%
Slovak Republic 49 52.6%
India 50 51.8%
Pakistan 51 51.7%
Netherlands 52 51.6%
Gambia 53 50.8%
Ireland 54 49.2%
Senegal 55 49.0%
Malaysia 56 48.6%
Colombia 57 48.5%
South Africa 58 48.3%
Asia-Pacific Average   52.5%
Frontier Markets Average   46.2%


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POPULATION

  • Pakistan is the fifth most populous country in the world with approximately 225 million inhabitants.
  • Pakistan last conducted a national census in 2018. Read more from the World Economics Population Data Quality Ratings and see how Pakistan compares to other countries around the world and in the Asia-Pacific region.
Pakistan's Population Breakdown
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Population
Size
(Millions)
Median
Age
(Years)
Age
Dependency
(Young)
Age
Dependency
(Old)
Age
Dependency
(Total)





China 1,444.2 38.4 25.2% 17.0% 42.2%
India 1,393.4 28.4 38.9% 9.8% 48.7%
United States 332.9 38.3 28.3% 25.6% 53.9%
Indonesia 276.4 29.7 38.3% 9.2% 47.5%
Pakistan 225.2 22.8 57.2% 7.1% 64.4%
Brazil 214.0 33.5 29.7% 13.8% 43.5%
Nigeria 211.4 18.1 80.9% 5.1% 86.0%
Bangladesh 166.3 27.6 39.3% 7.7% 47.0%
Russia 145.9 39.6 27.8% 23.5% 51.2%
Mexico 130.3 29.2 38.8% 11.4% 50.3%
Japan 126.1 48.4 21.0% 48.0% 69.0%
Ethiopia 117.9 19.5 70.6% 6.3% 76.8%

Access the interactive all country Population table

  • Pakistan has a young population profile of 57.2% and a low old population profile of 7.1%. The average age is under 23 years old.
  • 58% of births are not registered in Pakistan.

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ENVIRONMENT

  • Pakistan's total emissions of Carbon Dioxide and Methane are considerable placing it in 9th place of polluters by volume but on per capita level, Pakistan moves down towards the lower portion of the list.
  • The World Economics Emissions Index (on a scale of 0-100, 0=bad, 100=good) gauges the relative emissions for a country. The Emissions Index is based on the equal weighting of total Carbon and Methane emissions.
Environmental Factors
Index: 0 = High Emissions, 100 = Low Emissions
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Emissions
Index
0-100
Carbon
Emissions
Total
Carbon
Emissions
Per Capita
Methane
Emissions
Total
Methane
Emissions
Per Capita
Air
Quality
PM2.5
Water
Access
per capita





India 60.1 2,615.8 1.9 669.3 0.5 68.8 90.5%
Brazil 80.8 465.7 2.2 418.0 2.0 11.6 99.0%
Indonesia 83.4 617.5 2.2 335.1 1.2 19.1 92.4%
Mexico 92.0 438.5 3.4 145.1 1.1 22.7 99.0%
Australia 92.3 411.0 15.9 139.9 5.4 7.1 99.0%
Pakistan 92.7 248.8 1.1 151.0 0.7 58.8 90.1%
Canada 93.3 576.7 15.2 95.5 2.5 6.4 99.0%
Japan 93.7 1,106.7 8.8 21.1 0.2 13.4 99.0%
Nigeria 94.2 140.0 0.7 127.9 0.6 61.7 77.6%
Germany 94.4 702.0 8.4 53.4 0.6 11.5 99.0%
Uzbekistan 95.2 110.2 3.3 105.9 3.1 28.3 97.8%
Vietnam 95.2 247.7 2.5 88.0 0.9 22.0 96.9%

See: Access the interactive all country Environmental data table

Key:
Emissions Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
         0 = Bad, 100 = Good.

Notes:
Format: Carbon data in Million MtCO2e and Methane data in MtCO2e, Air Quality: PM2.5

Methodology: Total Carbon and Total Methane data for each country has been indexed on a scale of 0-100 by using the standard deviation from the mean for each country. The implied Indexes are averaged to calculate a total Emissions Index which focuses on each countries emissions.

  • Average annual temperatures in Pakistan have risen by 1.3 degrees in the past 30 years.
Averge Annual Temerature by Year: Pakistan

Source: CCKP. World Bank Group, Climate Change Knowledge Portal


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SOCIAL

  • The World Economics Social Index averages multiple key social indicators covering Health, Education and Employment.
  • Pakistan has a worse than average rank for its social metrics, 109th out of 155 countries and 24th of 31 in the Asia-Pacific region.
Social Factors: Asia-Pacific Region
Index: 0 = Poor metrics, 100 = Excellent metrics
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Social
Factors
Index
Life
Expectancy
Years
Median
Age
Years
Mean Years
Schooling
Years
Spend on
Education
% of GDP
Population
in Work
Population %
Population
in Poverty
%





Vietnam 81.7 75.4 32.5 8.3 4.2% 75.9% 1.9%
Indonesia 78.8 71.7 29.7 8.2 3.6% 64.3% 4.6%
Myanmar 70.7 67.1 29.0 5.0 2.0% 60.7% 2.0%
Bhutan 70.5 71.8 28.1 4.1 6.6% 65.2% 1.5%
Pakistan 70.2 67.3 22.8 5.2 2.9% 50.2% 3.9%
Bangladesh 70.1 72.6 27.6 6.2 2.0% 56.5% 14.8%
India 66.9 69.7 28.4 6.5 3.8% 46.7% 21.2%
Nepal 66.5 70.8 24.6 5.0 5.2% 82.6% 15.0%
Brunei Darussalam 65.9 75.9 32.3 9.1 4.4% 58.8% 43.7%
Laos 62.7 67.9 24.4 5.3 2.9% 78.0% 22.7%
Papua New Guinea 53.3 64.5 22.4 4.7 1.9% 46.0% 38.0%

Access the interactive all country Social data table

Key:
Social Factors Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100
         0 = Poor social metrics, 100 = Excellent social metrics.

  • 3.9% of Pakistan's population is living in poverty. Poverty is defined as living on less than $1.90 a day at 2011 international prices
  • Pakistan spends 2.9% of GDP on education, each pupil receives 5.2 years of schooling (on average) - over three years less than the global average.

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GOVERNANCE

  • Pakistan ranks 126th globally, 25th in the Asia-Pacific region and 24th in the Frontier Markets for Governance.
Governance Factors Index: Asia-Pacific Region
Index: 0 = Poor, 100 = Good
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Governance
Index
(0-100 Index)
Rule of Law
Index
(0-100 Index)
Press Freedom
(0-100 Index)
Political Rights
(0-100 Index)
Ease of
Doing Business
(0-100 Index)




Thailand 47.8 51.6 54.1 16.7 87.9
Sri Lanka 47.7 47.5 45.5 59.5 54.6
Philippines 45.4 35 45.2 64.3 56.5
Tajikistan 43.3 18.6 43.5 4.8 53.6
Myanmar 41.1 19.5 27.0 35.7 27.4
Afghanistan 39.9 4 41.3 35.7 22.4
China 38.8 47.2 27.2 0.0 82.8
Pakistan 37.6 31.6 41.0 40.5 53.1
Vietnam 36.7 45.3 28.2 11.9 69.1
Bangladesh 30.8 34.5 39.5 40.5 24.2
Cambodia 27.4 25.3 46.9 16.7 40.1
Laos 26.1 27.7 39.5 9.5 34.7

Access the interactive all country Governance table

Key:
The World Economics Governance Index gives equal weight to all four criteria.

Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.

Governance: 0 = Poor governance, 100 = As good as it gets.
Ease of Doing Business: 0 = Hard, 100 = Easy.
Rule of Law: 0 = low rule of law, 100 = High rule of law.
Press Freedom: 0 = Low press freedom, 100 = High press freedom.
Political Rights: 0 = Low political rights, 100 = High political rights.



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